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On December 1, there is no doubt that history will remember this day.
On this day, the heads of state of China and the United States held a historic dinner meeting in Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina.
According to State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi, the meeting had a friendly and frank atmosphere, which lasted two and a half hours, far beyond the scheduled time. The two sides reached a consensus and stopped adding new tariffs. A White House spokesman later commented that the dinner was a "very successful meeting."
The most important are the following two paragraphs in the Xinhua News Agency draft:
The two sides decided to cease trade restrictions such as upgrading tariffs, including no longer increasing existing tariff rates on the other side, and not introducing new tariff increases on other commodities.
The heads of state of the two countries instructed the economic and trade teams of both sides to step up consultations, reach an agreement, cancel tariffs imposed this year, and push bilateral economic and trade relations back to the normal track as soon as possible to achieve a win-win situation.
At the same time, the meaning of the statement issued by the United States is also very clear:
1. The Sino-US trade war will no longer escalate, and the two sides will no longer impose new tariffs;
2. The original tariff imposed by the US on 200 billion US dollars of Chinese goods will remain at 10% after January 1, instead of the 25% previously announced;
3. The two parties will step up consultations. Once an agreement is reached in the negotiations, all tariffs imposed this year may be cancelled.
Needless to say, this is a very positive and significant progress, although new twists and turns still cannot be ruled out later.
Looking at the outbreak of the trade war for more than half a year, the climax has been tumultuous and thrilling. It is more dramatic than drama and more roller coaster than roller coaster. For the negotiating teams on both sides, the biggest test may not be jet lag and strategy, but they must have a good heart.
The Sino-U.S. Trade war has thus entered a whole new phase. From the perspective of bullpiano, at least three clear heavy signals have been released.
Signal one: China's determination and position to defend its core interests are consistent and firm as a rock.
Counting this, this unprecedented trade game has lasted for more than half a year from spring to winter.
In this inevitable history of struggle, a prominent bright spot is: China's determination and position to firmly defend its core interests is consistent, as firm as a rock, even if it is facing the United States, as long as it violates the bottom line, we must fight back. And it was a powerful counterattack.
You know, Trump has stated many times before: The trade war is simple, and the United States will definitely win. Pressing by extreme means has always been Trump's masterpiece, and it is also his "art of trading."
He thought that as long as the US $ 50 billion tariff card was shot, China would certainly be subdued; if it wasn't 50 billion, it would be an additional US $ 200 billion; if it didn't, it would continue to be an overweight.
However, China is not another country. After every US tariff increase, it is China's counterattack. I am sorry for the results of the negotiations reached before. So much American soybeans can only be stored in American warehouses.
In the white paper "Facts on China-U.S. Economic and Trade Frictions and China's Position" published on September 24, China made it clear that China firmly upholds national dignity and core interests. For trade wars, China is not willing to fight, not afraid to fight, and must not Do not hit.
In a word: talk, the door is open; fight, stay with you to the end. Never expect China to swallow the bitter fruits that harm its own interests.
Of course, China is also very clear that there is no winner in the trade war, and China will pay a huge price for this, but this is for the sake of longer-term national interests and for the free trade order around the world.
In fact, the escalating trade war has also cast a shadow on the US economy and stock market. The US side is very tough on the surface, but it is also facing heavy pressure and hopes to reach an agreement as soon as possible.
Only then did both sides take a step back on December 1, China and the United States reached an important consensus, and the economic and trade friction entered a new stage.
Signal two: The head of state diplomacy played an inestimable role in Sino-US relations.
At some key points in history, key figures have always played a decisive role in playing a pivotal role or even rewriting history.
The New York Times commented that this time in Argentina, apart from the first meeting between China and the United States, there was no formal meeting between China and the United States. This shows that the personal feelings and games of the two top leaders have largely dominated. Relations between the two countries.
This is a major and far-reaching change in Sino-US diplomacy.
From March 22 onwards, during the Sino-US trade friction period, according to reports in the media, the top leaders of China and the United States spoke on the phone twice, and another official meeting was held in Argentina during the G20.
With each contact, Kunshan Printing is at key nodes; each key node's shots have played a role in turning the tide, avoiding the complete derailment of Sino-US economic and trade negotiations, and also pointing out a new direction for the teams in the deadlock.
This may be an important reason why the economic and trade teams of the two sides did not hold talks in Washington or Beijing this time, but came directly to Argentina.
Of course, leaders are more to determine the principles and indicate the direction, and the specific negotiation needs to be implemented by the negotiation team. China's firm defense of its core interests is unquestionable, but it has also adopted very flexible measures in some specific measures.
The source disclosed to bullpiano that the Chinese side subdivided into 142 sub-items for the 53 so-called "structural issues" raised by the United States. According to China's system, laws and regulations, and deepening reform and opening up, it was roughly divided into Opposite categories, negotiable categories and unacceptable categories.
The US side's unrealistic demands must be answered without hesitation; however, some reasonable concerns may also be actively resolved. For example, expanding imports from various countries, including the United States, can actually help meet the growing needs of the Chinese people, promote high-quality economic development, and help the formation of domestic competitive markets.
Of course, it is not good to come and go. Sources have revealed that China has also raised its solemn concerns to the United States, especially some issues that the United States has not solved for a long time, and the United States has also made a positive response.
This is a win-win situation.
Negotiation is an art of compromise. In the past six months, the two sides should have taken pictures of the table and stared away, but in the end, to reach an agreement acceptable to both parties, it is still necessary to achieve equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect.
December 1st is a new beginning, and the next step is definitely more difficult specific negotiations.
Signal three: It is most important to look at new changes with care.
Looking back over the past half year, there is always a feeling that the American style of play is just like boxing, aggressive and constantly overweight; China seems to be Tai Chi, with soft and strong, weak and strong.
Especially in the past two months, unlike the intensive release of various voices from the United States, China seems to have entered a period of silence and feels more and more calm.
now it's right.
This is not a trade war, but it is also a public opinion war and a psychological war. The comparison of the strengths of China and the United States determines that neither party has the ability to win. Without a strong heart and coping wisdom, it must not be able to fight the "art of trading" that the United States is pressing.
Quite simply, the United States is sharpening its swords. If the Chinese side is panicked, the other side will not be right?
Therefore, we can see that so far, China has neither lost its sense of reason because of the bullying of the other side, nor has it panicked because of the unprecedented scale of the trade war.
The reason is also very simple. It is true that the United States is the world's largest economy. For China, it is indeed very important to do good relations with the United States; but more importantly, it is still necessary to manage China's own affairs.
In fact, while the Sino-U.S. Trade war has escalated, China has been stepping forward in an orderly manner. The initiative to reduce tariffs four times a year, and the gathering of thousands of merchants at the first Shanghai Expo, fully demonstrated China's determination to open up and its market charm. In the World Bank's latest Business Environment Report, China's ranking rose 32 places from the previous year, making the world look impressive.
China is no longer China 40 years ago. As the world ’s second largest economy, any country in China does not want to lose a huge market that is irreplaceable, a complete industrial chain, convenient infrastructure and a business environment. This is our The greatest confidence in dealing with the trade war.
Let the market really play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, and let reform and opening up bring more solid gains to the people. Concern up and down, its profit cuts, why is China afraid?
It must be emphasized that we still have to deal with the recent positive changes. Don't forget, China and the United States once reached a consensus, but the United States unilaterally tore up the joint statement and insisted on launching a trade war, which eventually led to the intensification of the trade war.
If there is no integrity, if the price continues to rise, it will not rule out that there will be new twists and turns. After all, according to the disclosed information, if the two parties cannot reach an agreement within 90 days, the United States is likely to repeat the trick and raise the 10% tariff to 25%.
Therefore, the next two sides will still be fighting wit. For China, we must strive for the best results, but we must still plan for the worst.
The past is the prologue.
2018 is drawing to a close, and we look back a few years later. This is indeed a crucial year for China.
On December 1, maybe a certain number of days, just before China and the United States reached a framework consensus more than 10 hours ago, former US President George W. Bush completed his 94-year-old life course.
Of all U.S. presidents, Bush is the one with the deepest relationship with China: he is the only president who has lived and worked in China for a long time. He and his wife Barbara have both learned Chinese and love riding. After cycling around Beijing's streets and alleys, after returning to the United States, the couple still went to a Chinese restaurant to eat a roast duck and beat teeth.
During the presidency of the two presidents, Bush and his father, China and the United States also had conflicts, frictions, and even fierce struggles, but in the end they still respected each other and maintained cooperation at all levels. In the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Bush Jr. also brought his father, wife, and children to Beijing to watch the Olympic Games.
China and the United States should not be enemies. Regarding the efforts to improve relations with China at that time, Bush said once: history will prove me right.
History has proven this, but history needs more visionary leaders. Think of the other party as a friend, and the other party may become a friend; if you treat the other party as an enemy, the other party will really become an enemy.
At the APEC Business Leaders Summit held recently, a word from China's top leader won praise from the world. He said this:
History tells us that if we take the path of confrontation, whether it is the Cold War, the Hot War or the Trade War, there will be no real winner. As long as countries treat each other on an equal footing, mutual understanding and mutual accommodation, there will be no problems that cannot be resolved through consultations.
It's really loud.
There is an era problem in one era. The problem itself is not terrible, the key is to take the right approach to solve the problem. This undoubtedly tests the wisdom, strategy and courage of China and the United States, and of course, integrity!
Things are changing, and cooperation is the best choice for China and the United States.